No matter the region or climate, fertilizer is used to help keep the lawns not only looking healthy but to keep the weeds under control and to give the grasses a good chance to grow. A lawn must be able to get everything it needs in order to be healthy and stay that way during the season.
How do you Know if you are Fertilizing your Lawn Properly?
A bag of fertilizer is labeled with three numbers that represent the percentages of weight of some of the key ingredients that plants will need.
For instance, grass needs nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
If a bag is labeled 20-10-20, it is labeled this for a reason. It means that the bag contains twenty percent of nitrogen, ten percent of phosphorous and twenty percent of potassium. All of these nutrients are very important for grass to grow healthy for lawn management.
Some of the reasons this is important for North Texas lawns:
- North Texas lawns need nitrogen for top growth
- North Texas lawns need phosphorous for strong roots
- North Texas grass needs potassium for disease resistance
Other Important Things to Know About Fertilizer:
Fertilizer also has filler. So if you are looking at a bag that has 20-10-20 that adds up to 50. Which means there is 50 more percent of filler in the bag. Filler has no nutrients in it, but it’s important to also note that most bags come with filler.
The difference between fertilizers two important types- slow release and quick release:
- affects lawns from 3 to 10 weeks
- use slow release to produce steady, constant growth
- slow release is granular with an outer coating the fertilizer goes through in a slower fashion.
- affects lawns from 1 week to 3 weeks
- liquid fertilizer is quick release
Using organic lawn fertilizer is also an option in North Texas to manage lawn care. Usually with organic types, the nitrogen is also slow releasing and contains less than the regular type. Fertilization in Florida is about the same as Texas.
Another thing to consider when using organic fertilizer is that, since the levels of nitrogen is lower, a bag may read something like this: Nitrogen 5-3-2 instead of 20-10-20. That means there will have to be much more of the organic put on the lawn and the cost may add up to meet what the grass requires in North Texas.
Calculating How Much Fertilizer to Use:
- Determine size of lawn in square feet
- Find square feet by multiplying the length of yard by width.
- Determine grass type
- North Texas grass is usually Bermuda or St. Augustine, Zoysia or Tall Fescue. (In shady areas, you will often find Zoysia and Fescue)
- If you have St. Augustine or Bermuda grass, calculate 4/5 pounds of Nitrogen per year to be used on your grass
- Potassium per year is about 1.5 pounds
- Phosphorous is about 2.5 pounds per year
One you determine how many pounds of fertilizer you need, divide it up between treatments. You want to treat from April to August. Let’s use April 15th for an example. Calibrate your spreader if you use one to be sure you use the right amount of fertilizer. If you are using slow release, it will give you a slow release from five to six weeks. You will have a healthy yard all year round.
Keeping a lawn in North Texas can be easy or difficult, depending on how you take care of it. When to fertilize your lawn in North Texas is so important to follow all steps for the best looking lawn possible. Click here for more info on our lawn fertilization services!